William Ralph Brody (born January 4, 1944) is an American radiologist and academic administrator. He is the President of the Salk Institute and former President of The Johns Hopkins University, a position which he had held from 1996 to 2009.
Brody received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in electrical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees, the latter also in electrical engineering, from Stanford University. He continued his post-graduate training at the University of California, San Francisco where he completed a residency in diagnostic radiology in 1977.
Brody was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003. He was the highest-paid university president in the United States, receiving $897,786 in 2004, and regained the title in 2007. On March 10, 2008, he announced his intent to step down as president effective December 31, 2008. This was postponed to March 3, 2009 upon Hopkins naming Ronald Daniels, the provost of the University of Pennsylvania its next President. On October 13, 2008, the Salk Institute announced that Brody would join their staff as president as of March 2009. On May 21, 2009, an honorary doctorate was conferred on him by The Johns Hopkins University.