Fully-Integrated Millimeter-Wave CMOS Phased Arrays

A. Hajimiri

A decade ago, RF CMOS, even at low gigahertz frequencies, was considered an oxymoron by all but the most ambitious and optimistic. Today, it is a dominating force in most commercial wireless applications (e.g., cellular, WLAN, GPS, BlueTooth, etc.) and has proliferated into areas such as watt level power amplifiers (PA) [1] that have been the undisputed realm of compound semiconductors.