A 10GHz CMOS Distributed Voltage Controlled Oscillator

H. Wu, A. Hajimiri

A 10 GHz CMOS distributed voltage controlled oscillator (DVCO) is designed in a 0.35mm BiCMOS process technology using only CMOS transistors. The oscillator achieves a tuning range of 12% (9.3 GHz to 10.5 GHz) and a phase noise of -114 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset from a carrier frequency of 10.2 GHz. The VCO uses two different simultaneous tuning techniques which allow for a coarse and fine tuning of frequency in a frequency synthesizer. The oscillator provides an output power of -7 dBm without any buffering, drawing 14mA of dc current from a 2.5V power supply.