Passively Controllable Smart Antennas

J. Lavaei, A. Babakhani, A. Hajimiri, and J. Doyle

We recently introduced passively controllable smart (PCS) antenna systems for efficient wireless transmission, with direct applications in wireless sensor networks. A PCS antenna system is accompanied by a tunable passive controller whose adjustment at every signal transmission generates a specific radiation pattern. To reduce co-channel interference and optimize the transmitted power, this antenna can be programmed to transmit data in a desired direction in such a way that no signal is transmitted (to the far field) at pre-specified undesired directions. The controller of a PCS antenna was assumed to be centralized in our previous work, which was an impediment to its implementation. In this work, we study the design of PCS antenna systems under decentralized controllers, which are both practically implementable and cost efficient. The PCS antenna proposed here is made of one active element and its programming needs solving second-order-cone optimizations. These properties differentiate a PCS antenna from the existing smart antennas, and make it possible to implement a PCS antenna on a small-sized, low-power silicon chip.